Thursday, November 15, 2018

Friday, November 16. 2018

Today's schedule is ABCD

A & D Blocks Human Geography - Today we'll look at the Key Question: Why Do Religions Organize Space in Distinctive Patterns? We'll look at places of worship, organizational structure, holy places, calendars, and cosmogony. Generally speaking universalizing religions are more likely to consider places holy that are associated with key events in the founder’s life, whereas ethnic religions’ holy places are tied to physical features present in their hearths, such as mountains, rivers, or rock formations. So here are a few things to consider:

C Block Criminology - Gangs are often considered "immoral" and their profit comes from many "immoral" things.  Immoral acts are distinguished from crimes on the basis of the social harm they cause. Acts that are believed to be extremely harmful to the general public are usually outlawed, whereas acts that only the harm the actor themselves are more likely to be tolerated. Acts that are illegal because they are viewed as a threat to morality are called public order crimes. I'll remind you that we already looked at the difference between what is deviant and what is criminal and this topic covers crimes that straddle the line between the two. People who lobby hard for their morals to become law are called moral entrepreneurs or crusaders. The power of moral entrepreneurs can be quite strong and we'll see that today.

Think about Mother's Against Drunk Driving (MADD). From Craig Reinarman's article Social Construction of an Alcohol Problem:
The credibility of MADD, especially at its outset, was impeccable. The parents of children who have been killed in drunk-driving accidents are exceptionally strong symbols. There are few groups of victims who can inspire as much sympathy and adherence as the grieving mother. And this is one of the central foundations of MADD's success. The organisation was started in August of 1980 in Sacramento, California by a woman named Candy Lightner whose daughter had been killed by a hit-and-run drunk driver with multiple DUI (driving under the influence) convictions some 4 months prior. During the criminal proceedings Lightner was appalled by the apparent leniency and lack of concern demonstrated by the justice system towards drunk drivers and the rights of the victim. The campaign began with her tireless lobbying in the initial months and a strong push to make drunk driving a political issue where it had previously not been. 

Consider the following: Sir Patrick Devlin stated…
Without shared ideas on politics, morals, and ethics no society can exist…. If men and women try to create a society in which there is no fundamental agreement about good and evil, they will fail; if having based it on common agreement, the argument goes, the society will disintegrate. For society is not something that is kept together physically; it is held by the invisible bonds of common thought. If the bonds were too far relaxed, the members would drift apart. A common morality is part of the bondage. The bondage is part of the price of society; and mankind, which needs society, must pay its price. 

As you can see, the power of moral entrepreneurs can be quite strong. After we discuss moral entrepreneurs (crusaders) and then I'll remind you of yesterday's questions:

  1. Should drugs be legalized? Why? If you believe drugs should be legalized, think about whether all drugs should be legalized or just a select few. Why should certain drugs be legalized and others not? 
  2. Should the sex trade be legalized? Why? If you believe it should be legalized, should all the forms of prostitution described in your text be legalized, or only a select few? If the sex trade were legalized should government be able to exercise some control over it? 

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Thursday, November 15. 2018

Today's schedule is DCBA

D & A Blocks Human Geography - Today we'll finish up our poster presentations from yesterday. After, we'll start with our next key question, "Why Do Religions Have Different Distributions?" Universalizing religions have diffused from specific places of origin (or hearths) to other regions of the world, while most ethnic religions have generally remained clustered in a defined area. Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism all originated in Asia and diffused the world over from there. So we'll try to find out how and why religions spread the way they do. To help:

Don't forget the three major universalizing religions of Christianity, Islam and Buddhism diffused from specific places of origin, or hearths, to other regions of the world, while most ethnic religions have generally remained clustered in a defined area. Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism all originated in Asia and diffused the world over from there. You'll have a chart to fill in and then some questions to answer about about the diffusion of Christianity and Islam...From Bridging World History (Annenberg Media)

Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam alike were proselytized by their followers, adapted to different cultural settings, and used to provide religious sanctions for rulers. Unlike Buddhism, however, both Christianity and Islam used military power to conquer and convert peoples and created their own governments. 
From its origins in sixth-century B.C.E. India, Buddhism was transmitted through central to east Asia by the beginning of the first millennium C.E. to become one of the great proselytizing, universal religions of world history. Emerging from the Sumerian and Judaic traditions of early West Asia, both Christianity and Islam were, by the close of the first millennium C.E., institutionalized universal religions with large populations of adherents in lands that stretched from northern Europe to North Africa and from the Mediterranean to East Africa and the Himalayas. As all three of these religions were introduced into different cultures and societies, they underwent significant adaptations to indigenous belief systems at the same time that they dramatically altered the religious ideals and values of peoples around the globe. 
All three early universal religions—Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam—were further expanded by those who held the reins of power in the areas where they took root. Although Buddhism interacted with political authority in various cultural settings, lending its sanction to some rulers, it did not become the engine of empire that Christianity, and especially Islam, did. Just as political forces shaped the growth and spread of these religions, so Christianity and Islam both played powerful roles in legitimizing political authority. 

B Block Criminology - Okay so let's wrap this up. Last week we looked at gangs. From Foreign Policy:
Drugs are just the tip of the iceberg. In the popular U.S. television series Breaking Bad, about a high school teacher turned methamphetamine kingpin, there was an instructive exchange. When the show's antihero, Walter White, was asked whether he "was in the meth business or the money business," he replied, "I'm in the empire business." The same can be said of the DTOs (Drug Trafficking Organizations), which are independent and competing entities. The sale of cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and meth remains extremely profitable. The U.S. Justice Department has put the cartels' U.S. drug trade at $39 billion annually. But the DTOs have diversified their business considerably, both to increase their profits and to exclude rivals from new sources of revenue. For example, they are dealing increasingly in pirated intellectual property, like counterfeit software, CDs, and DVDs. The most destructive new "product," however, is people. The cartels have built a multi billion-dollar business in human trafficking, including the shipment of both illegal immigrants and sex workers.

So to curb the power of cartels or gangs should we take some radical action? Should we cut off their source of income (like drugs and sex trade workers)? Here are two questions for you to answer:
  1. Should drugs be legalized? Why? If you believe drugs should be legalized, think about whether all drugs should be legalized or just a select few. Why should certain drugs be legalized and others not? 
  2. Should prostitution be legalized? Why? If you believe it should be legalized, should all the forms of prostitution described in your text be legalized, or only a select few? If prostitution were legalized should government be able to exercise some control over it? 
For the legalization of drugs question as you probably already know, the federal government legalized non-medical cannabis on October 17, 2018. So why? Part of the reason was that the proceeds from the illegal drug trade support organized crime and greater threats to public safety, like human trafficking and hard drugs.
For more check out this Vice article here or the video below..

For the sex trade question "Should we legalize prostitution"? Think about the two opposing views:
  • Sexual Equality View The prostitute is a victim of male dominance. In patriarchal societies, male power is predicated on female subjugation, and prostitution is a clear example of this gender exploitation 
  • Free Choice View Prostitution, if freely chosen, expresses woman’s equality and is not a symptom of subjugation.
To help, we will understand the different types of sex trade workers (street walkers, circuit travelers, bar girls, brothels, call girls and escort services). We'll look at some high profile cases (like all the way back in 2008 former New York state governor Eliot Spitzer or 1990's Hollywood "Madame" Heidi Fleiss who was quoted as saying, "I took the oldest profession on Earth and I did it better than anyone on Earth. Alexander the Great conquered the world at 32. I conquered it at 22."). It is important to note:

The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the country's anti-prostitution laws in a unanimous decision, and gave Parliament one year to come up with new legislation — should it choose to do so. In striking down laws prohibiting brothels, living on the avails of prostitution and communicating in public with clients, the top court ruled that the laws were over-broad and "grossly disproportionate." The government replaced the law with Bill C-36 (2014) which received Royal Assent and became law on December 6, 2014.

Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Wednesday, November 14. 2018

Today's schedule is BADC

B Block Criminology - Today you'll have the first part of class to finish your organized crime/gangs in Canada poster/fact sheet that you worked on in groups yesterday. We'll present these to the class today (volunteers not voluntolds). After we'll watch a History Channel show called Gangland. The episode I'd like to show you is from season three and it's called "To Torture or to Kill". This episode is about "Los Zetas" and the drug corridor along the Nuevo Laredo - Texas border. Miguel Treviño Morales, alias "Z-40," the leader of Los Zetas was captured an arrested in July 2013 however los Zetas still survive (as does Sinaloa and others).
Economist - Mexican Drug War
InSight Crime Los Zetas
CNN Mexican "Drug War" fast facts
National Post Los Zetas Trevino Morales

You can watch the Gangland documentary in class, on the link here or watch it below...

A & D Blocks Human Geography - Today you'll have the first part of class to finish your major religion poster/fact sheet that you worked on in groups yesterday. We'll present these to the class today (volunteers not voluntolds). After we'll go through the key question "Where Are Religions Distributed?"in the week 10 package. In addition to the religions for your presentations we'll look at Confucianism, Taoism, Bahá’í, Shintoism, Zoroastrianism, Cao Dai and Jainism.  To end you'll have the following questions to work on:
  1. How are the differences between universalizing and ethnic religions similar to the differences between folk and popular culture? List several similarities.  
  2. Refer to the small pie charts in Figure 6-3. Which regions have enough adherents of each of the three universalizing religions that all three appear on the pie charts?
  3. What are some similarities and differences between Buddhism and Chinese ethnic religions?

Monday, November 12, 2018

Tuesday, November 13. 2018

Today's schedule is CDAB

D & A Blocks Human Geography - Today and tomorrow we'll look at the key question "Where Are Religions Distributed"? To that end today I'll have you divided up into six groups (groups of five) and each group will be responsible for discovering as much as they can about one of: Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam or Christianity. You'll need to find out how many followers there are, where the followers are distributed, beliefs and teachings (including books and or scriptures), branches (or subdivisions), and Holy locations. I'll give you some chart paper and smelly felts and your group will be responsible for creating and presenting a poster fact sheet for the class (remember think geographically with this activity). You may also use the website or the website or the BBC links above.

B Block Criminology - Today we'll look at gangs and gang activity in Canada. Your job will be to make a gang information poster about organized crime in Canada. In Triads (groups of three) you'll need to identify the gangs we have in Canada (aboriginal crime groups, cartels, ethnic crime groups, and outlaw motorcycle gangs) and explain the activities of each group: What do they do? How do they do it? What do they control? Where are they based in Canada?

Organized crime by nature (according to Howard Abadinsky) is monopolistic - in other words organized crime groups want to have a monopoly over a specific geographic area for the illicit activity they wish to pursue. (Note: use the section in your text to help as well). For more stories about organized crime (especially a particularly interesting court case in Ontario and Manitoba involving the Bandidos) see:
Organized Crime Agency of British Columbia (OCABC)
Organized Crime - Vancouver Sun
Preventing Organized Crime - Government of Canada
Canada's gang hotspots — are you in one?
Hells Angels Under Pressure
The Aboriginal Gangs of Winnipeg
Girls and Gangland
8 Brutal & Violent Canadian Gangs You Never Knew Existed
Organized Crime in Canada - RCMP
Organized Crime in Canada - CISC
Youth gangs in Canada: What do we know?
The Nature of Canadian Urban Gangs (look @ section 2.1 - Definitions)
Public Safety Canada - Organized Crime Research
CBC News: Biker Gangs in Canada
Prime Time Crime: Gangs in Canada

Thursday, November 8, 2018

Friday, November 9. 2018

Today's schedule is BA(Assembly)DC

9:05 am - 10:10 am – B Block
10:15 am – 11:20 am – A Block
11:25 am – 12:25 pm – Assembly
12:25 pm – 1:05 pm – Lunch
1:10 pm – 2:10 pm – D Block
2:15 pm – 3:15 pm – C Block

B Block Criminology - I'm going to show you a television show called White Collar today. White Collar is about the unlikely partnership of a con artist and an FBI agent who have been playing cat and mouse for years. Neal Caffery (Matt Boomer), a charming criminal mastermind, is finally caught by his nemesis, FBI Agent Peter Burke (Tim DeKay). When Neal escapes from a maximum-security prison to find his long-lost love, Peter nabs him once again. Rather than returning to jail, Neal suggests an alternate plan: He'll provide his criminal expertise to assist the Feds in catching other elusive criminals in exchange for his eventual freedom. Initially wary, Peter quickly finds that Neal provides insight and intuition that can't be found on the right side of the law.

The episode I’d like you to show is called Hard Sell from season 1, which deals with stock manipulation and churning the value of stock in a boiler room (metaphor). From

The scam is a "pump and dump", in which a group of "junior Gordon Gekkos" is selling bad stock. The guy in charge buys a large amount of dollar stocks, and has his men inflate the price by selling it over the phone. When the price peaks, guy in charge dumps the stock and leaves the buyers holding worthless shares. The average person loses $30,000, and some victims have lost their homes. The boiler room is mobile, moving to a new location after each stock dump

A & D Blocks Human Geography - Today we will be going to the Library/Learning Commons for a quick presentation from Mr. Errico. He will be go over research databases and e-research options for your Inquiry Project. Remember...Inquiry is the process of being puzzled about something, generating your own questions about the subject, using information to satisfy your own interests and to develop your knowledge. What does it include? Planning, Research, Focus, Creating, Sharing, Evaluating and Reflecting. Within the context of Geography you've already started your inquiry process by asking/considering:

  • What is my broad area of inquiry?
  • How can I narrow down my focus...
  • Some possible inquiry questions are...

Today Mr. Errico will help you with:

  • Where can I find reliable information sources?
Once you've learned about options for information acquisition then you need to move on to research for your Inquiry question/s you've generated.