Sunday, March 11, 2018

Monday, March 12. 2018

Today's schedule is A-B-C-D

A Block Law 12 - Today in Law we'll start looking at arrests and warrants in Canada. Our focus will be on the options police have if they believe a suspect has committed a crime. We'll talk about appearance notices & arrests (both warrant-less and warrant arrests) and we'll also talk about the duties of police officers. From the All About Law textbook:

Police officers often have to make quick decisions to save lives - their own as well as others. They have to act reasonably because they are held responsible for their conduct and behaviour when carrying out their duties. If they break the rules of police conduct, their evidence may be refused, which can result in an acquittal. In rare situations, the officers involved can be charged under criminal law or sued under civil law (Murphy, Elliott, Mete and Glass; 2009)

This is relevant due to the 2014 lack of indictment by a grand jury in Ferguson, Missouri in the shooting death of Michael Brown. Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, was killed by a white police officer, Darren Wilson, on August 9th, 2014. Lawyers for Brown's family say the teen was trying to surrender when he was shot, while Wilson's supporters say he feared for his life and opened fire in self-defense. Brown was shot at least six times. Brown was suspected of having stolen cigars from a nearby convenience store shortly before the incident. Brown and a friend had been walking down the middle of the street when Wilson approached them. The grand jury could have indicted Wilson on charges of manslaughter or murder, however they concluded there was not enough evidence to charge him.

We'll talk about the rights of police officers in connection to the Brown case and we'll work in partners on the R. v. Clayton (2007) case on page 156.

B Block Introduction to Law 10 - I have the library booked so that you may work on the Clue Us In crime scene investigation project. Please note that your library time is coming to a close, today and tomorrow are the last days I have for you in the library, so please don't waste time. Remember you need to create a crime...replicate the crime scene...investigate the crime as if you were an R.C.M.P. officer...and prepare a dossier file to hand over to Crown Counsel so that they may prosecute the case.

C Block Criminology 12 - Today we're back in the library for you to continue your blog work. For this new entry I'd like you to find out as much information as you can about two notorious Canadian murderers... you may choose from either Clifford Robert Olson Jr.  or Robert William Pickton (for Serial) and Marc L├ępine  or Alexandre Bissonnette (for Mass). For this assignment I'd like you to tell me what they did and why they did it. Also, answer what can we learn from their horrific actions and is it ever possible to stop people like this in Canada? Why or Why not?....use Levin & Fox's typology of serial and mass murder to explain motives. Do not use Wikipedia as your source for this assignment use the links on the names above. Aside from answering what they did and why they did it, also try to state which serial killer category Olson or Pickton is: mission-oriented, hedonistic, visionary, power/control, thrill killer, expedience killer; (and define whichever category you select).

When looking for the typology of Serial Killers (for your assignment) consider the following excerpt from the book Serial Murder and the Psychology of Violent Crimes:

Serial Murder by Holmes, R. M., & DeBurger, J. E. (1988) identifies the following

1.Visionary Type—these murderers kill as a result of command hallucinations, delusions, or visions whose sources customarily include the forces of good or evil. These offenders are typically psychotic, leaving the crime scene in utter disarray. The homicides occur quickly with no extensive acts of torture. Frequently, the assailant relies on weapons of opportunity to commit his crimes and discards or locates the death instrument(s) in the victim’s body.

2. Mission-Oriented Type—the goal for these slayers is to kill certain types of people or to rid society of particular types of individuals. These serial murderers target victims based on their ethnicity, occupation (e.g., prostitutes), and/or age. Additionally, they determine whom to assail based on whether the person is deemed unworthy, undesirable, or somehow less than human. To illustrate, Jack the Ripper targeted prostitutes and viewed them as disposable. He dehumanized their bodies through mutilation in the process of killing them. In a letter written to the press by Jack the Ripper, he stated, “I am down on whores and shan’t quit ripping them.” Typically, the murders occur quickly and they are often planned. The mission-oriented offender does not engage in postmortem activities such as necrophilia or dismemberment and the weapon employed is not disposed of at the crime scene.

3. Hedonistic Type—these offenders murder as a result of sensation seeking or otherwise derive some sort of pleasure from their killings. Holmes and Holmes divided this type of assailant into two subcategories: the lust killer and the thrill killer. Both are summarily described below.

The lust killer murders principally for sexual gratification even if this does not entail traditional intercourse. However, sex or multiple sadistically erotic acts with a live victim are common. Sexually arousing behavior is the driving force for this offender, even after the person has killed the victim. Moreover, this attacker may also be sexually excited and/or satisfied from the murder itself. Ritualistic displays of sexual mutilation, facial disfigurement, cannibalism, body dismemberment, vampirism, and necrophilia are routinely featured in this type of homicidal act. The body is often concealed and the murder weapon taken. Close contact murder; specifically, beating or manual strangulation, are noted as most common.

The thrill killer murders for the visceral excitement the assailant experiences. However, once the victim is dead, the offender loses complete interest. As a result, the process of killing is prolonged as long as possible through extended acts of torture. The use of restraints and the presence of bite marks and burns on the victim’s body are characteristic behaviors for this type of slayer. Sadistic acts whose frequency is prolonged as long as possible prior to death, a concealed corpse, manual or ligature strangulation, and an animated victim during multiple sexual acts all characterize the patterns and motives of this type of assailant. manual or ligature strangulation, and an animated victim during multiple sexual acts all characterize the patterns and motives of this type of assailant.

4. Power/Control Oriented Type – these offenders harbor deep-seated feelings of inadequacy or attempt to compensate for a perceived lack of social or personal mastery over themselves by thoroughly dominating their victims. Holmes and DeBurger maintained that the primary motive for these offenders is not sexual in nature. Instead, these assailants desire complete and unfettered control over and subjugation of their powerless victims, including during the postmortem period. Consequently, torture, the use of restraints, strangulation, severed body parts, and decapitation are all routinely featured in these homicidal acts. A profound sense omnipotence – having the ultimate power of life or death over one’s victims as they cower and plead for their lives – fuels this type of serial killer. The act of murder is extended in order to increase the felt sense of gratification. The offender’s modus operandi is planned and organized, the body is concealed, and the weapon is absent.

D Block Human Geography 11 - Today we'll look at the Key Issue "Why Does Development Vary among Countries"? To do this we'll look at the United Nations Human Development Index (HDI). The HDI is a composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development:
  • a long and healthy life, 
  • knowledge and 
  • a decent standard of living

Earth’s nearly 200 countries can be classified according to their level of development, which is the process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology. The development process is continuous, involving never-ending actions to constantly improve the health and prosperity of the people. Every place lies at some point along a continuum of development. You'll have two really big thinking questions to work on for me connected to this topic:
  1. If you were to create an index of development, what indicators would you use, and why (look at the UN HDI Indicators for Canada in the week 7 booklet)? How would you weigh each indicator? Could your index be used around the world, or would it be mostly relevant to our society?
  2. The HDI is used to measure development at a whole-country level. Is it adequate to measure development within a country? Why or why not? (Another way of thinking about this: Are there minority groups that may be “glossed over” by the HDI?

1 comment:

Avery Cochrane said...