Thursday, November 14, 2013

Friday, November 15. 2013

Today's schedule is A-AG-B-C-D

A Block Criminology 12 - Today we'll look at the difference between deviance and criminal behaviour (acts that are criminal but not deviant and deviant but not criminal). What is deviant behaviour? A simple explanation of deviant behaviour could be any action that violates cultural norms (formal norms like laws - or informal norms like nose picking). This is a difficult concept because what an individual or sub culture in society defines as deviant is contextually situated (meaning what I think is deviant may be different for you; it is subjective - influenced by personal considerations).

Take smoking in public. You may think that this behaviour is acceptable because an individual has the choice to consume a cigarette and they are merely harming problem right? You may, however, think this behaviour is unacceptable. Second-hand smoke is hurtful to others because they could be harmed by someone else's behaviour. So what is deviant in many cases is subjective. What is criminal is the codification of what a society as a whole deems as deviant. Homicide is criminal because as a society we believe that taking another life is unacceptable and deviates from the accepted cultural norm that we wish our country to be like.

So using the text and your brains you need to come up with a list of things that are deviant but not criminal and a list of things that are criminal but not deviant. After you'll need to take one act from either list and explain why it should be criminalized or why it should be decriminalized.

Don't forget you need to come up with your own theory of why crime happens and hand it in. You need to use the brainstormed list we did in class along with the notes you took Wednesday on the history of Criminology.

B Block Social Studies 10 - To start the class today we'll go over the work from Wednesday on the fur trade and the relationship that developed between Aboriginal Peoples and the HBC and NWC. Do not forget that you have a Compare/Contrast chart that you need to hand in along with question 2 from page 135 of the Horizons text. Next we'll take a look at the Metis, Bison and the Red River Valley. I'll have you finish the class by completing questions 1 & 2 on page 142 of the Horizons text.

C Block Crime, Media & Society 12 - Today we continue with our unit on media literacy. We will talk about the history of media and communication formats (I'll give you a handout on the topic and we'll go over it today). So...

I want you to track your consumption of media for one day. Today we'll estimate how much time of the day you think you consume and interact with media. We'll look at this Kaiser Family Foundation study from 2010 and it will give us a good idea about amounts. The Infographic to the left from MBAOnline posted at Socialmouth is a good visual of generational differences for media consumption throughout the day. So for the end of each hour that you are awake for one day I'd like you to write down what media format you interacted with for that previous hour and guestimate how much time you interacted with it. I know that you are a generation of multitaskers (and that you are interacting with this blog right now) so try to be as honest as you can about what you consume/interact with.

Remember the types of Mass Media include: Print media encompasses mass communication through printed material. It includes newspapers, magazines, booklets and brochures, house magazines, periodicals or newsletters, direct mailers, handbills or flyers, billboards, press releases, and books. Electronic media is the kind of media which requires the user to utilize an electric connection to access it. It is also known as 'Broadcast Media'. It includes television, radio, and new-age media like Internet, computers, telephones, etc. With the advent of Internet, we are now enjoying the benefits of high technology mass media, which is not only faster than the old school mass media, but also has a widespread range. Mobile phones, computers, and Internet are often referred to as the new-age media. Internet has opened up several new opportunities for mass communication which include e-mail, websites, podcasts, e-forums, e-books, blogging, Internet TV, and many others which are booming today. Internet has also started social networking sites which have redefined mass communication all together. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube have made communication to the masses all the more entertaining, interesting, and easier

D Block Law 12 - Today we'll start with working on questions 2, 4 and 5 from page 178 and then together as a class we'll talk about question 7 from page 179: The plea negotiation has become the primary means of dispensing justice in Canada. It is effective, both for accused criminals looking to minimize their punishment and for prosecutors coping with the torrent of cases sloshing through the courts. Is it morally correct to trade the legal rights guaranteed by the Charter for convenience and cost savings? This question deals with Plea Bargains in Criminal Law. From the Department of Justice here in Canada: Broadly speaking, the promises that may be made by Crown counsel fall into three, overlapping categories: (1) promises relating to the nature of the charges to be laid (charge bargaining); (2) promises relating to the ultimate sentence that may be meted out by the court (sentence bargaining); and (3) promises relating to the facts that the Crown may bring to the attention of the trial judge (fact bargaining).

  1. Charge Bargaining
    1. Reduction of the charge to a lesser included offence;
    2. Withdrawal or stay of other charges or the promise not to proceed with other possible charges; or
    3. Promise not to charge friends or family of the defendant; or
    4. Promise to withdraw a charge in return for the defendant's undertaking to enter into a peace bond.
  2. Sentence Bargaining
    1. Promise to proceed summarily rather than by way of indictment;
    2. Promise to make a specific sentence recommendation;
    3. Promise not to oppose defence counsel's sentence recommendation;
    4. Promise to submit a joint sentencing submission;
    5. Promise not to appeal against sentence imposed at trial;
    6. Promise not to apply for a more severe penalty (for example, by not giving notice to seek a higher range of sentence based on the accused's previous conviction – s. 727 of the Criminal Code);
    7. Promise not to apply to the trial court for a finding that the accused is a dangerous offender (s. 753 of the Criminal Code) or a long–term offender (s. 753.1 of the Criminal Code);
    8. Promise to make a representation as to the place of imprisonment, type of treatment, etc.; or
    9. Promise to arrange the sentence hearing before a particular judge.
  3. Fact bargaining
    1. promise not to "volunteer" information detrimental to the accused during the sentencing hearing;
    2. promise not to mention a circumstance of the offence that may be interpreted by the judge as an aggravating factor (see, for example, the aggravating factors listed in s. 718.2(a) of the Criminal Code).

No comments: